A noun names a person, place, thing, action, quality or an idea.

Kinds of Noun

Concrete and Abstract Nouns                          Singular and Plural Nouns
Countable and Non-Countable Nouns               Collective Nouns
Compound Nouns                                           Common and Proper Nouns
The Material Noun

Concrete and Abstract Nouns 

A noun which names a physical object that can be perceived by the senses (e.g. we can see and touch a thing) is known as concrete noun.
In the list of nouns given above the nouns like people, girls, piece of toast, glass of milk, daughter, fruit etc are concrete nouns.
We cannot see and touch a thing) is known as Abstract noun.  Abstract noun is the name of some quality, state or action considered a part from the object to which it belongs as

Quality:-                   Truth, Bravery, Wisdom, Kindness
State:-                     Death, Sickness, Health, Slavery
Action:-                    Theft, Hatred, Laughter

Singular and Plural Nouns

You might have noticed that in the list of nouns above there are certain nouns which represent either one item or thing or many items. The noun which represents one person, place or thing is known as singular noun, e.g. man, cat, mango, flower, foot.
The noun which stands for more than one person, place or things is known as plural nouns, e.g. mangoes, cats, men, flowers, feet.

Countable and Non-Countable Nouns

Besides singular and plural nouns in the above list there are words like Mankind, Milk, Tea, Coffee, Juice, Cereal, Sugar etc.
You will notice that these words cannot be calculated in terms of numbers. So we can say that these words do not have their singulars or plurals. All such words which do not tell the number but give the quantity when measured are known as Non-Countable Nouns.
On the other hand the nouns which can be easily counted are known as Countable Nouns like Fork, Knife, Plate, Glass, Spoons, Eggs, Toast, and Napkins etc.

Collective Nouns

There are certain nouns which are neither singular nor plural but they stand for a group of people, animals or things and can be used in singular as well as plural sense. They are known as collective nouns.


Group              army                Public              Press
Flock                Club                Assembly         Crowd
Class                Team               Govt                 Crew
Family             Nation
But always keep one thing in mind that collective nouns are used with plural verbs when the speaker or writer is referring to the individual parts or members of the group acting separately and they are used with singular verbs when the statement refers to the group acting together as a unit.


The army was ready to make its forward movement.
All soldiers in the army were fit.
In the first sentence “army” acts as a unit therefore, singular verb “was” has been used. Whereas in the second sentence we are talking about individual members of the group “army” therefore we have used plural verb “were”.

Compound Nouns

Compound Nouns is a group of words.
When two nouns came in one sentence they are known as                   Compound Nouns.

Let’s make a list of such words.

Breakfast Eaters         Coffee Cups
Bread and Butter        Every One
Butter Knife               Turn Table
Grape Fruit                Teaspoon
Side Table                 Coffee Pot
                  These words or group of words are known as Compound Nouns.
                  Compound nouns consist of the following composite forms.

                                                        I.            Noun + Noun               Bedroom, Grammar Book.
                                                      II.            Adjective + Noun         Blackboard, Blue Print, Common Sense.
                                                    III.            Verb + Noun                Pickpocket, Dance Team Flashlight.
                                                    IV.            Noun + Verb                Hand Shake, Ant Eater, Milk Shake.
                                                      V.            Gerund + Noun            Dining Room, Punching Bag, Sitting Room.
                                                    VI.            Noun + Gerund            Fortunetelling, Water Skiing.

Common and Proper Nouns

                        Father              Fareed
                        Daughter          Seema
                        Mother             Shehla

In the examples above father, mother and daughter stand for any father, mother or daughter but Fareed is the name of Particular father. Similarly Seema is the name of a particular daughter. From this example we can conclude that there are two classes of nouns.

·         Common Nouns
·         Proper Nouns

A common noun names any one of a group of persons, places or things and Is not written with a capital letter. Whereas a proper noun names a particular person, place or thing and is always capitalized.

Common Nouns                     Proper Nouns

glass                girl                                 Fiber glass
plate                utensil                            Quaid-e-Azam
mother            teenage                           Karachi
meals              bucket                             Madina

The Material Noun

It is the name of a matter or substance of which anything is made; as, gold, Silver, Iron, Steel, milk etc.

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