In our everyday conversation we frequently do not use complete sentences. In written English, however, we should express our ideas in clear, complete sentences.
A group of meaningful words is called Sentence.
Sara Iqbal’s dress is beautiful (Meaningful)
Girl a good is Liaba. (Not Meaningful)
Some of the following word groups are sentences, some are fragments. Write ‘S’ next to each of the complete sentence. Add words to each fragment to make it a sentence.
· I want to sleep.
· Having stolen the money.
· Laughing at others.
· Sobia is working hard.
· Disturbing the class.
· Sara is knitting.
· Why are you sitting silently?
· My friends name.
· Your uncle is a rich man.
· Criticize them.
Parts of a Sentence
A Sentence Consists of 2 Parts
· The subject
· The predicate
The subject of a sentence is that part about which something is said. The subject in most sentences is noun or a pronoun. To find the subject of a sentence, ask:
· Who or What is doing the action?
· If there is no action in the sentence then ask:
Who or What is being talked about.
The predicate of a sentence is the verb and the related words that tell some thing about the subject. It can be a single word or it can be helped by auxiliary verbs. The main verb and its auxiliaries are called the complete verb or the verb phrase. They are the simple predicate. The simple predicate is often modified or accompanied by the other words. The simple predicate plus all the other words that go with it make the complete predicate.
She has broken the window (complete predicate)
What did the subject do?
The subject broke the window. So broken is the main verb and has
is its auxiliary verb.
is its auxiliary verb.
A simple sentence contains one independent clause. Its thought is complete. A dependent clause needs other words to complete its meaning. It is not a sentence. It is a fragment. Thus a dependent clause can never be used as a simple sentence.
This book is easy (Independent clause)
Since this book is easy (Dependent clause)
Both a sentence and a clause must have a subject and a predicate. A simple sentence has one subject and one verb, either or both of which may be compound. If a sentence can be divided into two or more independent sentences it is a compound sentence and the independent sentences are termed as simple sentences.