Types of Sentences in English


A sentence that simply declares, or asserts, or affirms, or denies something is called a declarative sentence.

·        Zahid is a very cute boy.
·        Saad would not come.
·        Shahid has written a letter.


Sentences are called interrogative when a question is asked in them.

·        Did he come yesterday?
·        What is your name?
·        Have you read this book?
Interrogative sentences end with a question mark.


Sentences are those that tell you to do something about command or a request or a prohibition or advice.

·        Do not enter!
·        Look out!
·        Have some more tea, please.
·        Dear children, do not walk in the sun bareheaded.
If the idea or command expressed in an imperative sentence is strong it ends with an exclamation mark (!) otherwise it ends with a full stop.


Any sentence that exclaims is an exclamatory sentence! It expresses strong emotion or excitement.

·        How well the team played!
·        What fools are these boys!
·        How terrible!
If it is a mild sentence it may not end with an exclamation mark rather with a full stop. An exclamatory sentence may also contain an interjection. This would be cleared through examples:
·        Hurray! We won the match.
·        Alas! My grandfather died.


A sentence that expresses a wish or prayer or entreaty is called an optative sentence.

·        May you be very happy.
·        Have mercy upon us, O’ Lord!
·        Make him work hard.